In the previous years, it was very difficult to correct erroneous birth certificate due to the rule that it had to be heard in court. This would prevent from further application from applicants due to the expense and time they had to spend for such errors that were mostly not their fault. Due to awareness of the problems regarding the matter, the rules were change. It is now easy to fix errors through Republic Act 10172.

This act further authorized the city or municipal civil registrar or the consul general to correct in clerical or typographical errors. However, the said errors are limited in scope. Here are some simple guidelines on what and how to fix these errors.

1. The errors should only be on errors in the day and month in the date of birth or s*x of a person appearing in the Civil Register. This shall also include the change of first name or nickname. The error should be patently clear that there is indeed clerical or typographical error or mistake in the entry.

2. The act defined what clerical error is. Clerical error refers to “mistake committed in the performance of clerical work in writing, copying, transcribing or typing an entry in the civil register that is harmless and innocuous, such as misspelled name or misspelled place of birth, mistake in the entry of day and month in the date of birth or the s*x of the person or the like, which is visible to the eyes or obvious to the understanding, and can be corrected or changed only by reference to other existing record or records”. However, this does not include change of age, nationality or status of the applicant. This definition refers to unintentional errors made out of negligence by the one who made the entry.

3. The form of the petition should be an affidavit subscribed and sworn to before a person in authority such as a lawyer who has the right to administer oaths. Supporting documents shall be attached to the affidavit such as the record wherein the error occur, 2 documents showing the correct entries and other pertinent documentary supporting evidence. Some evidence acceptable to support the claim are school records, medical certificates, and baptismal certificates issued by religious authorities. Change in s*x or gender shall be accompanied by a certification from a physician that no s*x transplant has occurred for said person applicant.

4. There should also be an attestation from law enforcement agencies that the applicant has no c******l records.

5. Reasonable fees will be collected for said change except for special privileges given to those who cannot afford it.

It should be noted that these processes should be followed for approval to fix the erroneous birth certificate. However, it should also be noted that change of surnames and other major errors such as nationality or status of the applicant will pass through a tedious process of court declaration. It is helpful then to gather as many documents as supporting evidence to fix the errors and hasten the process.

21 COMMENTS

  1. Ako anh problema po nung skin ung medil ko tska po ung s medil ng papa ko.. Ano po pwd ko gawin.. Plz help nman po.. Lht po ng valid id ko tama po ung name n gingamit ko.. Salamat po.. Sna msagot ung tanong ko

  2. Ang problema ko ay yong date of birth ko August 31, 1957 ang gamit ko mula sa baptismal hangang sa school, office, ids, passport & insuranceses. Yong nasa PSA record is August 30, 1957. Kailangan ko pa bang magbayad sa municipal ng bayan namin ng almost P6,000? Thank you

    • Sa case ng brother ko, year of birth ang error sa BC. Should be FEBRUARY 10, 1961 not February 10, 1946. It was in 1946 when our parents got married.

  3. My problem po yung medil name ko po, may erroneous, ano pa ang dapat kobg gawin para lng po ma clear yung medil name ko po? pa advice po sir/maam.

  4. My problem po yung medil name ko po, may erroneous, ano pa ang dapat kong gawin para lng po ma clear yung medil name ko po? pa advice po sir/maam.

  5. My problem sir/maam is, my gender i’m a boy my gender written in my birth certificate is female. What should i do? I need your advice sir/ma’am

  6. Hi mam/sir ung spelling po ng kuya ko po mali po ang gamit po kase nya pasuquin pero po ang nakalagay s psa ay pasoquin paano po dapt gawin po

  7. Good pm po ang provlema po sa akin ay ang gamit ko last ay ang last name ng lola ko. Sa side ng papa ko. Ano po dapat kong gawin sa mga school records ko po ang kasalumuyang gamit ko ay ang last name ng lolo ko hindi po iyong nasa birth. Thank you po!

  8. pa help po may problem po ung titi ko kasi may sugat sa may bandang ulo tapos bihira na po cya tumigas mga 2x a week na lang

  9. Ang problemank ung sa live brth ng anak k..hmd kmi kasal ng husbond k nun nlgay kc ng husbond k sa live brth ng anak k na kasal kmi..gsto k sna pabago un sa tutuo nmin ksal ng husbond k ano po dapat gawin

  10. Gd pm po sir..aq ko prob ko gang ngyn dipa naasikaso sa registrar office sa amin na files kuna po lht naka publish na dn..name at middle name ang error ko po..napadala na po sa Lcr main..naibalik po sa prov nmin dhil 2 po nkapirma taga registrar.ngyn po nakatinga sa prov nmin yung document ko sa registrar offce sa prov nmin.

  11. gud morning po. may problema po kasi sa gender ng asawa ko po imbes na Male po siya naging female po yong nasa birtcertificate niya po. ano po ba ang dapat gawin? gusto na po kasi namin mgpakasal hndi po kmi makasal gawa po ng problema niya sa gender. pa help po kung ano po dapat gawin.? thank you po

  12. Ung name ko po sa marriage ko ay Ma. Teresa pero lahat po ng gnagmit ko pati sa bcert ko ay Ma. Theresa panu po ggwin ko

  13. February 10,1961 po ako pero NSO result January 16,1946 na kasal ng mga magulang ko.Sana po matulungan ninyo ako.Salamat po.

  14. pag po late registered pwede bng patanggal yun kasi gusto kong mag ofw eh my bansa na d tumatanggap ng bc na late registered…thank you po sa magiging sagot.

  15. Good day po… May problem po ang NSO LIVEBIRTH ko…. Mali po ang apelyedo ko which is imbis na lucañas ang apelyedo ko, naging lucanas na lang…. Tsaka, yung details po ng marriage ng mga magulang ko…. Mali din po… Kasi, di pa sila kinakasal nung ipinanganak po ako…. Tapos, nakalagay sa livebirth ko na kasal sila at may date at location pang nakasaad… Pa help naman po kung anong gagawin ko po, pls….

  16. Panu po pagmali ang b-day..lyk po ng s tatay q…. june 2 1961 po dpat ksu Jan.7 1964 po nklagay s birth certficate nya…. panu q po kya yan maaus…. pls help nman po….peo s lhat po ng id nya ung june 2 ang nklagay….hope po m2lungan nyo aq🙏🙏🙏

  17. My sons last name is stil my wife’s…i signed at the hospital for my child to carry my last name since wer not yet married that time he is born.. i have a signature on the birth certificate from the hospital and when i got his authenticated birthcert from nso for his school requirements for grade 7 ,the lastname is still my wifes last name…PLS HELP WHAT DO I NEED TO DO …? thanks

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