Who Are the Middle Class and How Are They Different From the Poor?

Back on Monday, President Rodrigo Duterte said in his televised speech that the funds allotted to be given to the poorest of the poor is running low. In fact, the P200 billion+ budget that’s for the Social Amelioration Program by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) aren’t even enough for the demographic of the poor.

Who are the middle class in the Philippines?
This image was taken from CNN Philippines | CNNPhilippines.com | From JL Javier

In response to that, Cavite Governor Jonvic Remulla said that the Philippine government shouldn’t only be thinking about the poor. In addition, he said that the government should entertain the cries of the middle class citizens too.

Read: President Duterte Promises to Help the Middle Class, Too

They need the government’s help, too

Through the letter he sent to our dearest President, Governor Remulla said that middle class families are also affected. Though they have houses and they have money for food, these people rely on their monthly salaries and these are the people that have loans either from the government or from private lending institutions.

To this, Karlo Nograles, Cabinet Secretary said that they’re currently in the works of studying this suggestion.

Pinag-aaralan pa namin.”

Read: There Are Not Enough Gov’t Funds to Fight Against COVID-19, Duterte

In Translation: We’re still studying it [the feasibility of assisting the middle class too]

But who are the middle class? How are they classified?

The question on who are the middle class families tend to be on the relative side of the spectrum. Based on a research don by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), families that have five (5) members or more earning a household monthly income of P20,000.00 up to P115,000.00 are thought to be part of the middle class.

The middle class are classified based on:

  • Their overall household income
  • How many they are in the household

Read: Cabinet Members Give 75 Percent of Their Salaries to Help in the COVID-19 PH Government Efforts

These two (2) things are the primary source of how people are classified on whether they are poor or if they’re part of the middle.

To clarify it further, here is a graph of how and where the classifications of social standing lie.

Take note: This is relative because it would still be depending on the number of people in a household. So a family could be doing well but because they have more than  five (5) people in the household, they’re at the lower brackets. Nevertheless, here’s the chart of who are the middle class people and families.

Classification Chart

Classification

Monthly Income
Classification
Definition

Class Size

Poor

Their salaries are less than P7,890 every month
Their income per
capita is a lot
less than the offical
poverty limit
About
4.2 million
people
Low Income
(Not Poor; In Between
Poor and Lower Middle Class)
Salaries are between P7,890 to
P15,780 every month
Their income per capita
is between the poverty line and twice
the poverty line

About 7.1
million
people

Lower Middle Class

In between P15,780 to
P31,650 every month
Their income per capita
is between twice the  poverty line and four times
the poverty line
About 5.8
million
people
Middle Class
Between P31,650 to
P78,900 every month
Their income per capita
is between four times the poverty line and ten times
the poverty line

Around
3.6
million people

Upper Middle Class

Between P78,900 to
P118,350 every month
Their income per capita
is between ten times
the poverty line and fifteen times the
poverty line
Around
470K people
Upper Income (Not Rich:
In Between Middle Class and Rich)
Between P118,350 to
P157,800 every month
Their income per capita
is between fifteen times
the poverty line and twenty
times the poverty line

Around
170K people

Rich

Greater than or
equal to P157,800 every month
Their income per capita
is at least twenty times
the poverty line

About
150K people

As you can see, the middle class isn’t actually the ones that are “not earning.” In fact, they have a threshold of their salaries at around P78K per month! And quite frankly, that’s more to what people were expecting.

However, it’s still not as high as those who are in the upper middle class.

Read: Who Can Go For the Mass Testing on April 14, 2020?

So if you’re still stuck at the question of who are the middle class, here’s the answer. These are conditional but now you know the idea of it.

Based on this, what do you think about Governor Jonvic Remulla’s letter to the President about helping the middle class in the country? Would it be nice to say the least that they really are in need of such help, too? Or should the government focus on the poorest of the poor instead?

Not to mention, the middle class are the taxpayers so they definitely should be given credit too. But what about you? What’s your take on this thought? Should they be given the same assistance that are given to the poorest of the poor? Or should they be given whatever the government can give because they need to be supporting the poor first?

Source: Rappler PH

3 thoughts on “Who Are the Middle Class and How Are They Different From the Poor?”

  1. In this time of crisis.. For me as a member of middle class bracket, government should concentrate helping on poor and lower middle class..

    Reply
  2. Perhaps waiving the collection of withholding tax for the period of ECQ will be of great help for the middle class bracket.

    Reply
  3. I belong to the poor.. i am a private school teacher earning 7,500 monthly. We did not received any subsidy from the gov’t.
    No Dole, since Dole run out of budget.
    No Sap, because they only choose those people whom they know.
    NO WORK,NO SALARY too..😭😭😭

    Reply

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